Classic / Africa, Globalisation, Impact / April 2, 2015

Africa in the face of Globalisation

Their attitude and behaviour of seeking to trivialising, to any marginalisation of the African continent.

There are many definitions for globalization, but in general, known as the integration of economics, industries, markets, cultures and policy making around the world(Financial times, 2013). Advances in transportation and telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the telegraph and its posterity the Internet, are major factors in globalization, generating a further interdependence of economic and cultural activities (Stever, H. Guyford, 1972). In addition, there are other factors that have a high impact for instance: transfer of capital and trade flows, labor market, social and economic inequality, political stability are essential elements in relation to globalization, because the determine whether if a country will benefit or suffer from globalization. In this essay, I will try to explain the impact of globalization on African countries.

Africa in the face of globalization:
Their attitude and behavior of seeking to trivializing, to any marginalization of the African continent. In addition, a pleasure to rivals to accelerate this vision by pointing out that 2 % of Africans in the global trade system, any frequency full – full and the tendency of African dance to the rhythm. And derive that it should write off this continent from the world map, as long as the sectarian conflicts, poverty and exclusion indicates the inability of intellectuals to think about democracy and live a shadow, and shape the evolution.
In fact, the genocide in Rwanda, and the situation in North Africa and the Congo, complemented by dumping the continent in Afro-pessimism.
But this is not true; Africa is a continent rich in oil, gold, diamonds, gas, timber and uranium, manganese, animals and livestock. Africa is rich and its men and women. It is capable of revolutionizing the world and is on the verge of it. There is no doubt that they are suffering from an economic downturn and an institutional and political violence, but they are not alone in this area.
“Changes that affect the changes of the modern world is huge and outside Africa , you see the whole world today interested in the phenomenon of change, which we call globalization.
The globalization exacerbate the situation in Africa, despite the vast potential enjoyed by this continent.
Therefore, the climate may be configured many years ago:

  • The form of exceptional countries in Africa;
  • The failure of the policies followed since independences.
  • The weight of the debt;
  • Changes that have occurred in the eastern states (socialism);
  • The subordination of African officials to their counterparts in the North

Impact of globalization on the African continent:

Contribute to Africa; today in the capital market only dominated by the United States, Germany and Japan among the seven major countries, only three countries have more than half the world’s wealth.

“Contrary to the total liberalization speech and speech market, the market does not speech by the economic game spontaneity; globalization based intervention authoritarian structures operating at the global level” (UIDH, 1995-1996).

I have relates to the fragmentation of Africa after witnessing globalization and confrontations in which fraternity brothers slaughtered.

In addition, the continent has witnessed double movements:

  • Seeks direction towards the fragmentation of nation
  • states by doubling the conflicts under state and crises of identity,

On the one hand;

The effort seeks to establish communities beyond the traditional framework of the state, on the other hand.

Africa is experiencing everyday social problems, and an increase in the population. The truth is that the globalization of the economy conducted with the globalization of social issues.

“The truth is, it turns out that the global expansion of market forces is the expansion of destructive completely for many individuals and groups has forced a large number of individuals to emigrate to search for a better life. Majority of migrants from developing countries, where they leave the countryside to the cities. Added to these migrants the millions of refugees who expelled from their countries because of hunger, drought and war or because of environmental degradation. , and to them, it adds immigrants from the world or who hope to stay and work in the Nordic countries. Countries that suffered the economic crisis live, little by little this flood of foreigners on its soil and take action word as to resort to the application of repressive laws” (UIDH, 1995-1996).

Results: deficit at the level of health policy, education, housing, transportation, and a large number of other services and Reduce wages.

This policy aims to:

  1. Keep the state from its responsibilities.
  2. Forcing African countries to pay their debts.
  3. The integration of African economies into the market economy.

That is why a solution GATT and the establishment of the OMCT World Trade Organization and transportation.

Conclusion and suggestions

The structural adjustment as the correct policy for the development and launch does not hold, in essence, a breach of human rights. Is when the conscious choice of the people in the leadership of their own destiny freely, it is in this case a concrete expression and Secretary for respect for human rights, which are:

  • Democratic development.
  • The right to self-determination.
  • The right to democratic participation.
  • Respect for life and human dignity.

However, unfortunately, this is not the case for many countries. There is the PAS makes decisions curious about those goals. In addition, Africa to come out of this trap. That should work to achieve the results of the Copenhagen summit on social development, such as:

  • Work to end poverty.
  • Giving priority to achieve the potential.
  • The development of human rights.
  • Speed up social and economic development.
  • Stop the PAS.
  • Promoting quality education and to facilitate the entry of the population of this education.
  • Create an economic environment, political, social, cultural and legal that supports social development.